Posts Tagged ‘china’


September 26, 2015

Fox News on September 23, 2015, published an AP exclusive with the first interview in five years by a leading Chinese rights lawyer Gao Zhisheng. He said he was tortured with an electric baton to his face and spent three years in solitary confinement during his latest period of detention since 2010. Excerpts below:

The Nobel Peace Prize nominee also vowed to never leave China despite the hardships and having to live apart from his family.

For years, Gao’s supporters feared he might perish inside a remote Chinese prison. He survived his prison term. But when he was released in August 2014 from prison to house arrest, the formerly outspoken lawyer could barely walk or speak a full, intelligible sentence, raising concerns that one of the most inspirational figures in China’s rights movement had been permanently broken — physically and mentally.

“Every time we emerge from the prison alive, it is a defeat for our opponents,” Gao said in the face-to-face interview.

The 51-year-old attorney gained international recognition for his courage defending members of the outlawed spiritual movement Falun Gong and fighting for the land rights of farmers. In and out of detention since 2006, Gao upset authorities in 2010 by publicly denouncing the torture he said he had undergone.

Gao’s wife said in the interview that she hopes Chinese President Xi Jinping and President Barack Obama discuss her husband’s case when they meet in Washington this week.

A day later, she posted on her Twitter account a letter from her husband urging her to decline an invitation to meet with a U.S. deputy secretary of state on Wednesday ahead of the summit. Gao told her in the letter that such a meeting would be futile while U.S. politicians rub shoulders with the head of China’s ruling Communist Party.

Since the administration of President Bill Clinton, “the American political class has disregarded the basic humanitarian principles and muddied itself by getting so close to the sinister Communist Party,” Gao wrote, according to his wife.

One of Gao’s two books — yet to be published — predicts that the authoritarian rule under China’s Communist Party will end in 2017 — a revelation he says he received from God. He also outlines a plan to build up a democratic, modern China after the party’s collapse. Much of the book also details inhumane treatment behind bars.

The second book is addressed to his son and tells his family’s story.

Since his release from Shaya Prison in the far western region of Xinjiang, Gao has been staying with his oldest brother inside a family home in a cave scooped out of a cliff in Gao’s native Shaanxi province. He is under watch nearly around the clock.

Convicted in 2006 of subversion and sentenced to three years, he was released on probation but was periodically taken away for torture, he said. After his wife and children fled China in January 2009, Gao was secretly detained again by security agents. He briefly resurfaced from state detention in April 2010, when he met his family and gave an interview to the AP detailing how he was hooded and beaten.

He disappeared the next day.

Gao said that during all his years of detention he was able to build up a mental barrier against the physical perception of pain. “This is a special ability I have acquired to allow me to survive difficult times,” Gao said in the interview.

Gao said he was secretly tried in December 2011. It was only then that the government said it was moving Gao to prison, the first time it had acknowledged holding him.

He said he was hooded and taken outside for the first time in 21 months in the winter of 2011. “It was the first time I heard a dog bark and that I could breathe fresh air,” he said.

Now out of prison, Gao said he is able to speak daily to his wife and children in California. He said he wants to be reunited with his family but that he feels he must stay in China.

“My wife is suffering, but I can do nothing,” he said. “I understand those persecuted souls who have left China and I am glad for them, but I cannot be among them. I cannot go,” Gao said.


June 15, 2015

In April 2015 the Council on Foreign Relations, New York, published a 54 page report on US grand strategy toward China (CFR Special Report No. 72). Excerpts below:


“China represents and will remain the most significant competitor to the United States for decades to come. As such, the need for a more coherent U.S. response to increasing Chinese power is long overdue,” write CFR Senior Fellow Robert D. Blackwill and Carnegie Endowment for International Peace Senior Associate Ashley J. Tellis in a new Council Special Report, Revising U.S. Grand Strategy Toward China.

“Because the American effort to ‘integrate’ China into the liberal international order has now generated new threats to U.S. primacy in Asia—and could result in a consequential challenge to American power globally—Washington needs a new grand strategy toward China that centers on balancing the rise of Chinese power rather than continuing to assist its ascendancy.”

The authors argue that such a strategy is designed to limit the dangers that China’s geoeconomic and military power pose to U.S. national interests in Asia and globally, even as the United States and its allies maintain diplomatic and economic interactions with China.


Revitalize the U.S. economy

“Nothing would better promote the United States’ strategic future and grand strategy toward China than robust economic growth…This must be the first priority of the president and Congress.”

Strengthen the U.S. military

“Congress should remove sequestration caps and substantially increase the U.S. defense budget…

Create a technology-control regime

“Washington should pay increased attention to limiting China’s access to advanced weaponry and military critical technologies.”

Implement effective cyber policies

Washington should “impose costs on China that are in excess of the benefits it receives from its violations in cyberspace…increase U.S. offensive cyber capabilities . . . continue improving U.S. cyber defenses,” and “pass relevant legislation in Congress, such as the Cyber Information Security Protection Act.”

Reinforce Indo-Pacific partnerships

“The United States cannot defend its interests in Asia without support from its allies,” and “should build up the power-political capabilities of its friends and allies on China’s periphery.”


February 4, 2014

Fox News on February 4, 2014, published an AP report on a three-ship Chinese navy squadron that has concluded exercises in the Indian Ocean and sailed on to the western Pacific, showing off the growing reach of the country’s seagoing forces. Excerpts below:

State broadcaster CCTV said the squadron includes China’s largest amphibious landing ship, the Changbaishan, along with a pair of destroyers. It said they reached the Indian Ocean on Jan. 29 and carried out a series of drills…

Although not directly targeted at India, the exercises underscore China’s rivalry with the other Asian giant.

China has been systematically developing a blue-water navy that has global reach, sending ships to join anti-piracy patrols off the coast of Somalia and taking part in joint exercises in the Mediterranean Sea and elsewhere.


February 1, 2014

Washington Times on January 30, 2014, published an article by Harry J. Kazianis Washington’s military dominance being challenged on a daily basis in the form of an arms buildup that within 10 years or less could potentially force America out of the Pacific entirely unless concrete action is taken. Excerpts below:

During the past two decades, the People’s Republic of China has undertaken an extraordinary military modernization and that is transforming the global balance of power. Having studied America’s technologically enhanced combat operations in the Balkans and the Middle East — dubbed a “revolution in military affairs” — China has rebuilt its armed forces along similar lines.

Beijing has focused on capabilities that would turn the near seas around it into a virtual no man’s land. Going by the name Anti-Access/Area Denial, China’s fearsome arsenal includes cruise and ballistic missiles that can sink surface vessels on the high seas, more than 80,000 sea mines, ultraquiet diesel submarines, along with cyber- and anti-satellite weapons.

When combined together in a highly coordinated fashion, Beijing could seek to deny American forces entry into a combat zone such as in a conflict with Taiwan or in the tense waters of the East and South China Seas. China’s forces have evolved to such a point that a recent study by Taiwan’s military concluded that by 2020, China will be able to hold off U.S. forces and invade the island democracy by 2020 if it so chooses.

As though all of this is not bad enough, China’s armed forces are developing an even more potent batch of military technologies.

In an effort to dominate the skies of the Asia-Pacific, Beijing is working on multiple fifth-generation fighter jets that, if successfully deployed, could defeat allied radars and challenge older America fighters for dominance in the skies.

On the high seas, China is slowly developing a blue-water navy capable of deploying further and further away from its coastline. In the next decade, China may sport the capability to deploy multiple aircraft carriers.

Beijing’s warships below the waves, its submarines, deserve special attention. With a large purchase from Russia in the 1990s and continued indigenous development today, Beijing’s submarines are becoming quieter and are armed with some of the world’s most powerful cruise missiles.

Even more frightening is China’s recent tests of a Mach 10 hypersonic glide vehicle. Such a weapon, according to experts, could be the next generation of Beijing’s mighty “carrier-killer” suite of weapons. While Beijing is a number of years away from possibly deploying such a system, recent information suggests defending against such new technology could be a challenge.

While the future certainly seems grim for America’s prospects in Asia, it is in Washington’s national interest to retain its place as the guarantor of the status quo in a region that has enjoyed unparalleled peace and economic prosperity.

A peaceful Asia-Pacific that continues its economic rise is vital to America’s own economic success. If Washington were to lose strategic credibility, rendered obsolete by China’s growing military capabilities, a deadly arms race could ensue.

The United States has no choice but to meet the challenge of China’s military buildup now through focused action. This means providing clear leadership in Asia — and not just in times of crisis.

Washington must also continue to fund efforts such as its AirSea Battle integrated doctrine to ensure U.S. forces can access all parts of the Pacific Ocean, now and in the future. Our allies must also have access to vital military equipment to ensure their own safety and security.

Washington has options for dealing with China’s growing military muscle. Ignoring the facts, though, is not one of them.

Harry J. Kazianis is managing editor for the National Interest and a nonresident fellow of the Center of Strategic and International Studies. The views expressed here are his own.


December 13, 2013

Washington Times on December 11, 2013, reported that China’s military is planning to counter surveillance by the Pentagon’s long-range Global Hawk drone, which currently is deployed on Guam and flying reconnaissance missions aimed at China. Excerpts below:

According to a recent technical journal, China’s military now has countermeasures for thwarting Global Hawk flights, saying the stealth drone is flown near China’s southeast coast “continually” and thus “countermeasures against Global Hawk are considered.”

Global Hawk missions are classified. But defense officials say they are worried the aircraft could become targets of China’s military should its air forces try to enforce a newly established air defense identification zone over the East China Sea.

Defense officials told the Times Inside the Ring that one key reason for implementing the air zone was to stop U.S. military surveillance flights near China’s coasts.

The report provides a detailed technical description of China’s methods against Global Hawk flights, including electronic jamming of onboard spy equipment and aircraft-to-satellite signals used to remotely pilot the drones, electronic disruption of GPS signals used for navigation, and using airborne warning and control aircraft to detect the drone and guide warplanes to shoot them down.

Also, the report suggests using “smoke screens” to hide spying targets — a technique readily available in China, as dangerous levels of smog have blanketed many major cities in recent weeks.

The Chinese also are considering cyberattacks that would allow them to take over controls of Global Hawks and cause them to crash or forced to land.

To unmask the drone’s low-radar signature, the Chinese also plan to use wide-spectrum and passive radar to locate and then direct aircraft to shoot down the drones.

“Regardless of whether it is a Global Hawk or an RQ-170 stealth [drone], it is afraid of seven things: electronics jamming; camouflage deception, being dazed by smoke screens; mid-air intercepts; airborne early warning; attack platforms and mid-air ambushes,” the report said.

The Global Hawk is the Air Force’s premier long-range surveillance drone, with a range of 2,300 miles at an altitude of up to 60,000 feet. It is equipped with synthetic aperture radar, high-resolution cameras and signals intelligence equipment.

So far, an armed version has not been deployed, but the aircraft is capable of carrying up to 2,000 pounds.

The Navy version under development is called the MQ-4C Triton.

The report was published in February in the military journal “Aerospace Electronic Warfare,” a publication of the Institute 8511 of the China Aerospace Science and Industry Corp…



December 7, 2013

The Washington Times on December 4, 2013, reported that China’s air force planned to impose the controversial air defense identification zone several years ago to assert territorial control and counter U.S. aerial spying. Excerpts below:

Internal Chinese military writings reveal that a nationwide air defense zone was under consideration as early as 2008 as part of China’s efforts to assert control over large areas of international waters in northeast Asia, the East China Sea and South China Sea.

One Chinese air force report said the main goal of the zone is to assert territorial claims and drive U.S. and Japanese reconnaissance aircraft away from the coast as part of an effort to protect military secrets.

The air force internal research paper from October 2008 stated that China needed a “national” air defense zone to secure China’s “territorial seas” to counter “constant, fierce contention” of the surrounding seas.

Another key element of the zone is to monitor and “drive away” U.S. reconnaissance aircraft that conduct frequent “spying and disruptive activities” along the coast.

Asked what was behind the air defense zone, Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel said, “I don’t know.”

In 2001, a Chinese J-8 fighter crashed into a U.S. EP-3 surveillance aircraft flying some 70 miles off the Chinese coast, setting off a crisis for the new administration of President George W. Bush. China held the 24-member EP-3 crew captive after it made an emergency landing on Hainan Island. The military then forced the Pentagon to cut up the aircraft for removal after closely examining the remaining spy gear on board.

Chinese air force efforts to conduct patrols and intercepts in the contested air defense zone extending nearly 100 miles into the Pacific are being watched closely by U.S. military intelligence monitors.

According to the officials, in recent days the Chinese air force dispatched Su-30 and J-11 fighters as well as KJ-2000 airborne warning aircraft into the zone, which overlaps Japan’s air zone over the disputed Senkaku Islands.

The U.S. military has concluded that those aircraft are capable of detecting and intercepting aircraft that fly into the zone.
Numerous U.S. and Japanese fighters, reconnaissance, maritime patrol and early warning aircraft have flown into the zone since Nov. 23 without giving prior notification as China is demanding, officials said. Two B-52 strategic bombers also flew through the zone in a show of force.


November 17, 2013

Washington Times on November 14, 2013, reported that China, the world’s second-largest economy and a key member of the Asia-Pacific community of nations, is providing the Philippines with an initial disaster relief package totaling $100,000 — an international example of the government’s stingy response to humanitarian disasters. Excerpts below:

In the immediate aftermath of Typhoon Haiyan, a wave of international rescue and humanitarian aid poured into Manila, estimated to be as much as $100 million in pledges.

The U.S. government provided an urgent humanitarian assistance of $20 million and dispatched the USS George Washington aircraft carrier battle group to the Philippines to deliver help.

An advance team of 90 U.S. Marines and sailors arrived quickly to conduct rescue and relief operations. The U.S. Agency for International Development also launched a comprehensive aid operation in the Philippines to help the tens of thousands of victims of the deadly storm.

Japan provided $10 million — 100 times greater that the aid initially pledged by China. Tokyo also sent a 25-member team of medical and relief workers to the nation. Australia, Great Britain, the United Arab Emirates and the European Union have each given $10 million. South Korea pledged $5 million and New Zealand offered $1.7 million.

The Chinese government has been fanning anti-Philippine sentiment through its propaganda outlets for the past several years, often belittling the country’s leaders and people.

The online military forum of, China’s most popular Internet site, is running a discussion about helping a country “as despicable as the Philippines?” The postings include vitriolic and racist comments against the Philippines.


November 14, 2013

Fox News on November 11, 2013, published a commentary by James R. Hannibal, top secret military planner, on why China cannot be trusted. Have you ever watched a Chinese shadow play? Silhouettes in muted colors play upon a fabric screen to the sighing tones of a bowed instrument and the stilted beating of a rattle drum. A warrior in deep blue fights a rival, all in red. They twirl and clash, leading your eyes to one corner of the screen. Excerpts below:

Meanwhile, a shadow grows in the opposite corner, but you don’t notice because the puppeteer has your attention fixed. Then, with the loud crash of a cymbal, the music stops, and a great, forest green dragon appears at center stage, breathing purple fire.

You jump, startled, and smile at the puppet master’s skill.

A similar shadow is growing in one corner of the world stage. While our attention remains fixed on the antics in the Middle East, a monstrous threat grows unattended across the Pacific. This time, when the music stops, there will be nothing to smile about.

The Central Committee and the PLA will lie, cheat, steal, and bully to accomplish their goal of dominance.

The shadowy tendrils of Chinese power are reaching farther than ever before.

The PLA is executing a gradual and very deliberate expansion into the Pacific, sending out more ships and setting up surface-to-air and surface-to-surface missile systems for area denial.

Simultaneously, President Xi Jinping, and the Central Committee are pressing territorial claims against islands and reefs close to the Philippines and Japan – even setting up military garrisons on their rocky shores.

These actions are designed to change the status quo in the Pacific, and the United States is allowing it. Despite pleas for help from our allies, the Obama administration has staunchly refused to pick a side.

The Central Committee is also targeting the U.S. and other national economies through underhanded business practices and unbalanced trade policies.

In order to participate in Chinese markets, U.S. companies must shift manufacturing across the Pacific or hand over trade secrets, only to be quickly undersold by Chinese companies.

China buys massive amounts of U.S. Treasury notes in order to manipulate the price of the dollar. Sadly, that makes China the biggest lender of US, giving the communist Central Committee heavy sway with American politicians.

Perhaps most brazen of all, China is conducting open cyber war, infiltrating U.S. government and corporate computer networks.

The largest coordinated cyber attack the world has ever seen came in 2009 when hackers infiltrated the networks of several major corporations, including Northrop Grumman – the creators of the B-2 Stealth Bomber.

Operation Aurora, as the attack is known, and hundreds of other attacks have been linked to Chinese hacker groups with names like the Elderwood Group and Hidden Lynx.

According to the Economist, the Virginia-based firm Mandiant traced some of these cyber attacks to a PLA organization they call Unit 61398.

To understand why these events are so unsettling, we must understand the ethical framework in which the Central Committee and the PLA operate.

Essentially, they have none.

Their moral compass points toward one guiding star: Chinese dominance.

…the hawks favor outright military expansion, and not just in regard to Taiwan.

In 2005, China’s former Minister of National Defense allegedly went so far as to recommend an invasion of the United States.

Recently a high-ranking general in China’s nuclear corps appeared at the forefront of a conspiracy of torture and political intimidation aimed at removing less hawkish political rivals. Inexplicably, he remains in command.

Like the hawks, the moderates and progressives in China are not made in the Western image. They are not interested in international cooperation unless it gives China a foothold for gain, and they do not care one whit for human rights.

…hawk voices push China’s economic expansion – not for the welfare of the Chinese people, but because they believe economic expansion is the proper way to capture the world’s resources.

The Central Committee and the PLA will lie, cheat, steal, and bully to accomplish their goal of dominance.

The examples listed above are clear evidence, but I can offer my own first hand account. In 2006, I was the Stealth Bomber operations liaison to Valiant Shield – a massive Pacific exercise.

During a visit by numerous foreign officers, I was cornered by two Chinese generals. With a barrage of rapid-fire questions they attempted to trip me up and get me to reveal classified details about the B-2.

The episode would have been comical, had the consequences of failure not been so serious.

The Chinese know that, and like the permissive U.S. market and the conciliatory international policies of the current US administration, they see it as a weakness to be exploited.

How long will we ignore the growing shadow? When will we turn at least some of our attention from the Middle East and acknowledge the talons reaching out from Asia?

One day there will come a resounding cymbal crash. We will all jump, startled, and then we will stare in horror at the overwhelming form of the shadow dragon – a creature with no ethic beyond feeding its own fire.

James R. Hannibal is a former US Air Force Stealth Bomber pilot and the author of Shadow Catcher from Berkley Books and Brilliance Audio.


November 2, 2013

The Washington Times on October 31, 2013, reported in a column by Miles Yu that Chinese state-run media revealed for the first time that Beijing’s nuclear submarines can attack American cities as a means to counterbalance U.S. nuclear deterrence in the Pacific. Excerpts below:

…leading media outlets including China Central TV, the People’s Daily, the Global Times, the PLA Daily, the China Youth Daily and the Guangmin Daily ran identical, top-headlined reports about the “awesomeness” of the People’s Liberation Army navy’s strategic submarine force.

“This is the first time in 42 years since the establishment of our navy’s strategic submarine force that we reveal on such a large scale the secrets of our first-generation underwater nuclear force,” the Global Times said in a lengthy article titled “China for the First Time Possesses Effective Underwater Nuclear Deterrence against the United States.”

The article features 30 photos and graphics detailing, among other things, damage projections for Seattle and Los Angeles after being hit by Chinese nuclear warheads and the deadly radiation that would spread all the way to Chicago.

China’s sub fleet is reportedly the world’s second-largest, with about 70 vessels. About 10 are nuclear-powered, and four or more of those are nuclear ballistic submarines capable of launching missiles.

Heavily influenced by Soviet naval models that stressed underwater forces, China’s nuclear submarine development began with the reverse-engineering of a Soviet Golf-class conventional-powered sub in the 1950s.

Chinese calculations for nuclear attacks on the U.S. are chillingly macabre.

“Because the Midwest states of the U.S. are sparsely populated, in order to increase the lethality, [our] nuclear attacks should mainly target the key cities on the West Coast of the United States, such as Seattle, Los Angeles, San Francisco and San Diego,” the Global Times said.
“The 12 JL-2 nuclear warheads carried by one single Type 094 SSBN can kill and wound 5 million to 12 million Americans,” the Global Times reported.
China also has developed land-based intercontinental ballistic missiles — notably the DF-31A, which has a range of 7,000 to 7,500 miles.
“If we launch our DF 31A ICBMs over the North Pole, we can easily destroy a whole list of metropolises on the East Coast and the New England region of the U.S., including Annapolis, Philadelphia, New York, Boston, Portland, Baltimore and Norfolk, whose population accounts for about one-eighth of America’s total residents,” the Global Times said.

All the state-run press reports stressed the point that the PLA’s missile submarines are now on routine strategic patrol, “which means that China for the first time has acquired the strategic deterrence and second strike capability against the United States.”


October 29, 2013

Daily Telegraph, London, on October 28, 2013, reported that for the first time in over 40 years, China reveals a fleet of its older generation of nuclear submarines, which fires rockets from under the sea. Excerpts below:

The fleet of nuclear submarines has been around for four decades but, in a sign of the country’s growing military strength, China has now decided to openly display the vessels.

The submarines, which were taking part in training drills and simulating combat, could also be seen firing rockets from under the water.

The US has expressed concern over China’s increased military assertiveness…