Archive for the ‘GLOBAL CIVIL WAR’ Category

FORMER SECRETARY OF STATE JOHN KERRY ATTEMPTS TO SAVE IRAN NUCLEAR DEAL WITH POSSIBLE ILLEGAL ACTIVITIES

May 6, 2018

Fox News on May 4, 2018 reported on the ”shadow diplomacy” of former Secretary of State John Kerry in an effort to save the Iran nuclear deal. Excerpts below:

The Boston Globe reported Friday that Kerry sat down twice with Iranian Foreign Minister Javad Zarif in recent months to strategize in a bid to save the deal, as part of what the Globe described as “an aggressive yet stealthy” mission to put pressure on the Trump administration to keep the deal in some form.

…Kerry has been ramping up his meetings ahead of that deadline. He reportedly met with German President Frank-Walter Steinmeier — who was foreign minister of Germany when the deal was negotiated. He has also met with French President Emmanuel Macron twice and spoken by phone with European Union foreign affairs chief Federica Mogherini.

Kerry’s actions could violate the Logan Act which prohibits private citizens from negotiating on behalf of the U.S. government without authorization.

“John Kerry helped craft a flaccid deal that granted the terror regime in Tehran vast monetary and geopolitical concessions, even as it put them on the glide path to nuclear weapons by its own terms,” Sohrab Ahmari, senior writer at Commentary magazine, told Fox News. “The biggest public service he can render now is to go away.”

Florida Sen. Marco Rubio said Kerry’s move “certainly raises Logan Act questions.”

According to The Globe, Kerry has also been trying to get Congress on his side by placing dozens of phone calls, including to House Speaker Paul Ryan.

Kerry is reported to have coordinated his push with a group of former top State Department advisers who helped negotiate the Iran deal — named Diplomacy Works. The group has reportedly chosen to focus on Europeans, Israelis and non-partisan experts to try and salvage the deal.

Washington Times on May 5, 2018 reported that thousands of supporters of the Iranian opposition gathered just blocks from the White House for the downfall of Tehran’s theocratic government and invited President Donald Trump to “rip up” the Iran nuclear deal. Excerpts below:

“We do not want President Trump to renegotiate, we want him to rip it up,” said Shiran Nariman, a spokeswoman for the Organization of Iranian American Communities (OIAC) and an event organizer.

At no time has the regime been so engulfed in crisis, and at no time has the time been so ripe to organize and expand the uprising.

The international community should abandon the agreement and instead conduct unconditional inspections of Iran’s nuclear weapons and ballistic missiles program.

These were opinions expressed on May 5.

[One of the speakers was Mr. Rudi Giuliani]. He noted that Mr. Trump backed the Iranian protests earlier this year with the simple words “we support their fight for freedom” and the crowd erupted.

All speakers predicted regime change is coming soon, with Ms. Nariman of the National Council of Resistance (NCRI) of Iran noting that one of the organization’s most prominent Washington supporters, John R. Bolton, is President Trump’s new national security adviser.

Newly installed Secretary of State Mike Pompeo also supports regime change.

Ms. Nariman expressed hope that this group, in addition to Mr. Giuliani and Mr. Trump, would soon bring about change.

Advertisements

GROWING SUPPORT FOR A FREE IRAN IN THE UNITED STATES

May 5, 2018

Washington Times on May 3, 2018 reported on growing Iranian-American support for a free Iran. Excerpts below:

Iranian-Americans are holding a major conference in the District of Columbia [May 5] to support the protests that have arisen inside Iran against the Islamic Republic’s hard-line government in recent months.

Organizers say a goal of the conference — featuring speeches by …former New York City Mayor Rudolph Giuliani and former Democratic New Mexico Gov. Bill Richardson — is to drum up stronger U.S. recognition for the pro-democracy movement inside Iran.

Washington could and should do more to formally “recognize the Iranian opposition,” said Shirin Nariman, a spokeswoman for the Organization of Iranian American Communities.

The OIAC is a grass-roots arm of the National Council of Resistance of Iran, an exile Iranian dissident group that has long called for a new government in Tehran and criticized the Islamic Republic’s human rights record. It says more than 1,000 Iranians from across the U.S. will be on hand for the conference at the Grand Hyatt Hotel just a few blocks from the White House.

Delegates “representing Iranian-American communities from 40 states … will voice support for the continuing protests and the uprising that erupted in 142 cities across [Iran], and for a free, democratic, secular, and non-nuclear republic in Iran,” the group said in a statement.

Comment: This is welcome news. During the Obama administration (2008 to 2016) the Iran opposition was ignored. Iran is a challenger to the West and broader Western support for the opposition could lead to the fall of the Tehran theocracy.

MOZAMBICAN FREEDOM FIGHTER PASSED AWAY AT AGE OF 65

May 5, 2018

Fox News on May 4, 2018, reported that Afonso Dhlakama, freedom fighter and opposition leader, has died. Excerpts below:

During the civil war that ended in 1992 he lead the [anticommunist] Renamo [Mozambican National Resistance] struggle against the marxist Frelimo party…

…Dhlakama died in the Gorongosa area of central Sofala province, where he was based…tensions have eased in Mozambique in 2017 as Dhlakama met President Filipe Nyusi in Gorongosa to discuss disputes between the two sides.

Comment: When Mozambique gained independence from Portugal in 1975 it lead to socialist rule of Samora Machel. The administration of President Ronald Reagan supported aiding anti-Communist movements in countries aligned with the Soviet Union but Washington did not support the pro-Western Mozambique National Resistance (RENAMO), which wanted market reforms for its country. RENAMO was a democratic movement on the verge of overthrowing a Soviet client state. A RENAMO victory would have shown the world that the Soviet Union and its Brezhnev Doctrine were not invincible.

During the Cold War Jack Wheeler of the Freedom Research Foundation in California was a staunch supporter of the armed struggle around the world for freedom from marxism-leninism. Thomas W. Schaaf Jr. was executive director of the Mozambique Research Center in Washington D.C., which supported Renamo.

American businessmen and evangelical Christian Christians during the 1980s aided Renamo. Supporting institutions were the Heritage Foundation in Washington D.C. and the Free the Eagle group. Renamo also had strong supporters in the US Congress, notably Sen. Jesse Helms (R-N.C.) and Rep. Danny Lee Burton (R-Ind.).

It seems likely that stronger Western support for Renamo in the 1980s leading to victory would have resulted in a more prosperous Mozambique after the collapse of the Soviet Union.

CHANGING CHINA’S PREDATORY TRADE PRACTICES

May 4, 2018

Reuters reported on May 3, 2018, that the Trump administration’s top economic officials had arrived in China.

They will try to get the Chinese government to open its markets and give up its predatory trade practicies.

The officials want to bring down the trade deficit by 20 percent or around 100 billion dollars. The also seek to get China to allow U S businesses to operate and sell in China without having to partner with a Chinese company. The existing rules are helping China to transfer U S technology and know-how in a way that is damaging to America.

China has for years been conquering the world’s export markets. This conquest has vaporized manufacturing jobs and driven down wages from the heartland of America. The China wars are fought over everything from decent jobs, livable wages, and leading-edge technologies to strategic resources such as copper and steel.

In an op-ed in a large US daily newspaper, Senator Marco Rubio (R-FL) is writing that the “economic relationship with China that has become increasingly unbalanced — and, over the long term, dangerous — for the U.S.” Rubio announces new legislation to combat intellectual property (IP) theft.

China’s trade policies are two-faced: “One face [that] outwardly offers soaring and seductive promises of an emerging global economic order that will become more open and equitable as nations increase trade and commerce with China. … The other face speaks inwardly to China’s ultimate geopolitical intentions.”

Rubio says China is stealing IP for nearly $600 billion annually from just the U.S. The Florida Senator calls on Congress to support the administration’s efforts to reform trade with China. Next week he will introduce the Fair Trade With China Enforcement Act to “guard the American people against China’s nefarious influence on national and economic security, directly targeting China’s tools of economic aggression.” The legislation would ban the sale of all sensitive technology or intellectual property to Chinese entities and impose a shareholding cap on Chinese investors in American corporations to prevent undue influence in corporate governance.

Comment: This is an excellent initiative. It is time to push back when it comes to the dark side of the rise of China. Other Western countries ought to act now to address the mounting problems of the Beijing challenge.

The rise of China has resulted in efforts along the Asian rimland to balance against the challenge to the established territorial status quo and national interests. China uses geographical proximity, overall strength, offensive capabilities, and offensive intentions. The size and position at the heart of the Asian landmass sends a geopolitical message. The Chinese military is modernizing its navy and air force, investing in anti-access/area denial technologies, and build aircraft carriers. Declarations such as the East China Sea Air Defense Identification Zone send a troubling message across the region. But China is not the only challenge on the World Island in the geopolitical theory of Halford Mackinder and Nicholas Spykman. The West is presently challenged by the three empires on the rimland of Eurasia: China, Russia and Iran/Persia.

US AIR FORCE: NEXT GENERATION B-21 BOMBER FOR MISSOURI, SOUTH DAKOTA AND TEXAS

May 4, 2018

The Associated Press and Washington Times on May 2, 2018 reported on the planned basing of the next-generation US B-21 Raider bomber . Excerpts below:

The U.S. Air Force says bases in Missouri, South Dakota and Texas will receive the next-generation B-21 bomber to replace existing aircraft starting in the mid-2020s.

The Air Force said Wednesday that Dyess Air Force Base in Texas, Ellsworth Air Force Base in South Dakota and Whiteman Air Force Base in Missouri have been chosen as “reasonable alternatives ” to host the new B-21 bomber.

Officials are expected to make a final basing decision in 2019…

Comment: The B-21 Raider will be capable of penetrating the toughest defenses to deliver precision strikes anywhere in the world. Northrop Grumman is providing America’s warfighters with an advanced aircraft offering a unique combination of range, payload, and survivability.

As stated by the Secretary of Defense, the B-21 Raider “will support America’s defense strategy by forming the backbone of the Air Force’s future strike and deterrent capabilities.”

IRAN NUCLEAR DEAL: OBAMA AND TEHRAN LIED

May 3, 2018

Washington Times on April 30, 2018 published a commentary on the Iran nuclear deal. Excerps below:

These are not happy days for the liberals, or progressives, or Democrats, or whatever they’re calling themselves this week…

Now Israel has discovered what looks like proof that Mr. Obama swallowed a lot of lies to collude with the mullahs for a deal with Iran to “resolve” Iran’s nuclear-weapons program. This might be the smoking gun that Mr. Trump needs to justify trashing the deal with the mullahs.

The disclosures enable President Trump to credibly [say] that he was right all along to question the decency and good faith of the mullahs. Presenting 55,000 pages of documents, transcribed on 183 computer disks, [Istrael’s] prime minister said Iran had hidden an “atomic archive” of documents describing its nuclear program.

Iran “lied about never having a secret nuclear program.

The Iranian deal, reached with the mullahs by the United States and six Western nations, smelled like rotten fish then, and it really stinks now.

The agreement finally reached by the mullahs and negotiators for the West was never submitted to the Senate as a treaty, as it should have been, because Mr. Obama knew it would never be ratified, not even by Democratic senators…

Mr. Netanyahu’s disclosures rattled Capitol Hill… “Everything the Obama administration told us about the Iranian nuclear deal program was a lie,” a source described as a senior congressional official tells the Washington Free Beacon. “They assured us that we knew ‘everything about everything’ about Iran’s nuclear weapons program, that it was put on ice, and that the intelligence community had full insight into what was going on.”

“MAP WARFARE” – CHINA CLAIMS NEW TERRITORY

May 3, 2018

National Interest on April 30, 2018, reported that China is extending its territorial claims in the South China Sea. A group of Chinese scholars have recently published a ”New Map of the People’s Republic of China”. Excerpts below:

Instead of dotted lines, as reflected in China’s U-shaped Nine-Dash Line claim to nearly all of the South China Sea, the new map [is based on an old map from 1951]…

The Chinese researchers claim that through analysis of historical maps, the 1951 solid-line map “proves” beyond dispute that the “U-boundary line is the border of China’s territorial sea” in the South China Sea.

They also claim that the solid administrative line overlaying the U-boundary “definitely indicated that the sovereignty of the sea” enclosed within the U-boundary “belonged to China.”

The study, edited by the Guanghua and Geosciences Club and published by SDX Joint Publishing Company, has not been formally endorsed by the Chinese government.

…many experts believe that it’s Beijing’s latest effort to recover from a humiliating legal defeat in 2016, when an arbitration body at The Hague constituted under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) struck down much of China’s claims in adjacent waters in a ruling that favored the Philippines.

Last year, China began to introduce a new quasi-legal doctrine in the South China Sea.

According to the new “Four Sha” doctrine, China lays sovereign claims over the Pratas, Paracels and Spratly group of islands, as well as the Macclesfield Bank area (known in Chinese as Dongsha, Xisha, Nansha, and Zhongsha respectively).

Instead of treating them as a collection of disputed land features, each group of islands or land features is treated as an integrated archipelagic body with its own maritime boundaries, sovereign land with a corresponding title to claim an exclusive economic zone (EEZ).

The new doctrine was advanced by Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs officials during a closed-door meeting with US State Department officials in Washington last August, according to news reports and Pentagon sources.

The “new map” should thus be understood as yet another attempt to present old wine in a new bottle…the 1951 map presents “the continuous line” of a claim, which was “recognized by the international community in the corresponding historical period.”

They also claim that it provides “appropriate descriptions and drawing-methods for the sea boundary in [the] historical period,” ensuring the “certainty of the integrity, continuity and border of China’s seas.”

The academics argue that the new map should serve as the basis of China’s claims in the area, since it “more vividly, accurately, completely and scientifically” characterizes and proves Beijing’s sovereignty in adjacent waters.

If Beijing moves to back the academics’ assertions, it could inflame already boiling tensions with smaller Southeast Asian claimants, which have opposed China’s expanding military footprint and extensive reclamation activities.

What is clearer is that China is still determined to provide quasi-legal cover for its rising domination of the South China Sea.

China Topics on July 25, 2016 reported on an even more aggressive claim of territory by China that claimed that the Pacific Ocean is Chinese. Excerpts below:

The map infers Hawaii belongs to China and [that] Hawaii was stolen from China by the United States, which must give it back of face the consequences.

The map was the work of the person or persons behind a blog called the “Ministry of Harmony”…

The original post in 2014 claimed China’s Ministry of Education had released a new world map where China claims most of the Pacific Ocean, including Hawaii and most of Micronesia.

It said Xinhua, China’s propaganda media machine, reported the ministry issued a directive ordering “all educational facilities and government offices to replace their outdated world maps with the current iteration,”…

Emmanuel Mori, who then was President of the Federated States of Micronesia, reportedly dismissed the map as “absurd” and accused China of “cartographic rape.”

In the map, China also claims Mexico’s Clarion Island and France’s Clipperton Island. The ministry said both islands will be granted full autonomy.

Hawaii and other American territories such as Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands will be combined to form a new Chinese province called “Xinmeiguo,” …

The ministry defended the new “251-dash map” by pointing to several Qing-era documents that show the Carolines, the Northern Mariana and Marshall Islands were under Chinese control hundreds of years ago.

“The study of what constitutes Chinese territory is ongoing,” said one ministry official.

IRAN AS CHALLENGER TO WESTERN CIVILIZATION

May 2, 2018

Hoover Institution’s The Caravan in December 2017 published an article on Western grand strategy to stop Iran’s strategic offensive in the Middle East. Excerpts below:

The United States, weary from its Cold War exertions, envisioned a “peace dividend,” and elected a domestic-agenda-first president. America would bask in its “unipolar” moment while handling foreign affairs on a case-by-case “just get through the news cycle” mode of operation. The U.S. would begin to ease its burden of leading the world in defense of the established international system.

But in fact, a new world order was taking shape.

…the power centers of three continents were emerging by design and self-defined historical “inevitability” into political-ideological structures intended to transcend the modern international state order and to recreate neo-imperialistic spheres of influence. Russia toyed with the idea of democracy, soon was gripped by kleptocracy, and then in the twenty-first century under a neo-tsarist, neo-commissar ruler would begin a pattern of probing Western European weaknesses while envisioning itself as a transnational “Eurasian” realm. The People’s Republic of China finally bade farewell to Chairman Mao even while the Party would continue to make use of his cultic adoration. China would amass wealth and power from responsible participation the global economy until near the end of the new century’s first decade, it would reveal itself both as seeking an “harmonious” world order even as it assertively began to deconstruct aspects of that order which failed to display “Chinese characteristics.”

The third power center of what may …be imagined as the new century’s dreikaiserbund (Three Emperors’ League) is the Islamic Republic of Iran. By a deft mixture of diplomatic stratagems, support for terrorist agents, military and paramilitary deployment of a variety of militias, and a “foreign legion” in the form of Shia Lebanon’s Hezbollah, as well as a brilliantly-executed nuclear “deal” with the United States, Iran has turned itself in a strikingly short time into the suzerain of the northern swath of the Middle East from western Afghanistan, through Iran itself, Shia Iraq, the satellite Assad regime in Syria, and most of Lebanon to the Mediterranean beaches. Iran is consolidating this after winning the major war for Syria with the decisive intervention of the Russian army and air force (providing Moscow with air, land, and naval bases in the process) while becoming recognized as a “threshold” nuclear weapons power that is reshaping the regional balance of power to its advantage.

This new Iran was launched in 1979 by the Islamist Revolution of Ayatollah Khomeini which overthrew Shah Reza Pahlavi and riveted American emotions by storming the U.S. Embassy in Tehran and taking diplomatic personnel hostage for 444 days. As shocking as this was to Washington, the symbolic power message it carried has still not been fully grasped.

—-

The admirable and underappreciated foreign affairs intellectual Adda B. Bozeman, professor emerita of Sarah Lawrence College at that time, stepped up to give context to the Iranian upheaval. The revolution, she wrote, should be seen “as a victory for the general cause of Islam and as a defeat not so much for the Pahlavi dynasty as for the Iranian nation-state.”1 The key to understanding would be the ancient “Persian World-State.” The Sassanian Empire of Persia had been conquered by Islamized Arabs in 630 AD, but then would be followed by “Iran’s conquest of Islam” as Arabs came to recognize and adopt Persian statecraft and administrative practices; these would provide a governing structure for the Umayyad and Abbasid Caliphates as well as those of the Mongols and Turks. Historically, Bozeman said, this Iranization of the Middle East eventually would prove more powerful than later Westernization.

Against this, US policy has ranged from contradictory to incoherent: from President Obama’s “Deal” which the region has taken to mean “The U.S. looks with favor on the rise of the Islamic Republic of Iran to paramount power in the Middle East” to President Trump’s refusal to certify the “deal” while nonetheless keeping to its provisions while threatening to block Iran’s ambitions and expansive neo-imperial actions in unexplained ways.

Taken together, all this makes “Rolling Back Iran” the most perplexing, task in American strategy today…

1 Bozeman, “Iran: U.S. Foreign Policy and the Tradition of Persian Statecraft,” in Orbis, Summer, 1979, pp. 387-402.

Comment: The Hoover article is an important contribution to the view that the main challengers today to the United States and thus the Western world are China, Russia and Iran. Professor Bozeman’s analysis is still one of the best on the ancient Persian statecraft’s role in the imperial aspiration of the present Iranian republic. It has inherited the deception and lies used by the ancient Persian empire against classical Greece. The Orbis journal article of 1979 is not the only work by Bozeman that should be studied by American strategists. She deserves to be studied in Europe as well. She was of Latvian origin.

IRAN NUCLEAR DEAL MUST BE FIXED OR NIXED

May 1, 2018

Fox News on April 30, 2018, reported on the American reaction to Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s bombshell news on Iran covert nuclear program. Excerpts below:

President Trump called the Iran nuclear deal a “horrible agreement for the United States” in response to Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s bombshell allegations about Tehran’s covert activity…

The president said it shows Iran is lying about its nuclear weapons program.

“That is just not an acceptable situation,” Trump said.

Trump said Netanyahu’s claims show Iran is “not sitting back idly.”

White House Press Secretary Sarah Sanders responded, “The United States is aware of the information just released by Israel and continues to examine it carefully. This information provides new and compelling details about Iran’s efforts to develop missile-deliverable nuclear weapons. These facts are consistent with what the United States has long known: Iran had a robust, clandestine nuclear weapons program that it has tried and failed to hide from the world and from its own people. The Iranian regime has shown it will use destructive weapons against its neighbors and others. Iran must never have nuclear weapons.”

Trump said: “So we’ll see what happens,” when asked about the announcement. “I’m not telling you what I’m doing. [A lot] of people think they know. And on or before the 12th, we’ll make a decision.”

The president made the comments during a joint press conference with visiting Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari.

Trump said that overall, “what we’ve learned has really shown that I have been 100 percent right.”

Netanyahu said during his earlier presentation that new intelligence shows Iran lied about never having nuclear weapons and lied again by not coming clean under the terms of the 2015 deal. “The Iran deal … is based on lies,” he said.

The information was obtained within the past 10 days, Israeli officials told Fox News. Netanyahu said the files were moved to a “highly secret” location in Tehran, and contained materials spread over 55,000 pages and 55,000 files on 183 CD’s.

“The nuclear deal gives Iran a clear path to producing an atomic arsenal,” Netanyahu said Monday.

“The Iran Deal was and has always been a foreign policy debacle. But today’s stunning intel presentation [by Netanyahu] provides even more troubling context. All along it was built on a crumbling foundation of lies, deception, and naivete. This ‘deal’ should be shredded,” House Freedom Caucus Chairman Mark Meadows, R-N.C., tweeted.

U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo on Sunday ratcheted up the Trump administration’s rhetoric against Iran and offered warm support to Israel and Saudi Arabia in their standoff with Tehran.

“The United States is with Israel in this fight,” Pompeo said.

The 2015 deal gave Iran relief from crippling sanctions in exchange for curbs on its nuclear program.

Comment: The Israeli information that Tehran has lied about its program to build nuclear weapons is a stunning feat by Israeli intelligence. Iran’s information offered at the time of the nuclear deal in 2015 was pure deception. The technique of Iran/Persia using lies and deception goes back to the ancient Iranian empire. The Iran deal is based on lies and should be renegotiated or nixed. Iran is a growing strategic threat in the Middle East and its aggression stretches from Syria in the north to Yemen in the south. The Gulf states must be more involved in stopping Iran’s destabilization in the region.

CHINA AGGRESSION: MASSIVE THEFT OF U.S. TECHNOLOGY

April 13, 2018

Washington Free Beacon on April 12, 2018, reported that experts tesitified to US Congress on massive theft of technology by China. Excerpts below:

China is engaged in large-scale theft of American research and technology from universities, using spies, students, and researchers as collectors, experts told Congress on April 11, 2018.

Compounding the technology theft, the administration of President Barack Obama weakened U.S. counterintelligence efforts against foreign spies by curbing national-level counterspy efforts, a former counterintelligence official disclosed during a House hearing.

—-

“Unfortunately, the backsliding continued under President Obama,” Van Cleave told two subcommittees of the House Science, Space, and Technology Committee.

Van Cleave said a directive issued by then-DNI James Clapper in 2013 and still in force reduced the national counterintelligence program authority by directing all counterspy programs to be run by individual departments or agencies.

—-

“Gone was any dedicated strategic [counterintelligence] program, while elite pockets of proactive capabilities died of neglect,” she said.

—-

Several intelligence and security experts testified during the hearing that China poses the most significant threat of technology theft from an estimated $510 billion spent annually on U.S. research and development.

“China has a government-directed, multi-faceted secret program whose primary task is technology acquisition, as well as a highly refined strategy to develop and exploit access to advantageous information through the global telecommunications infrastructure,” Van Cleave said.

Along with Russian intelligence agents, Chinese technology spies have developed specific lists of technology for theft. Beijing uses clandestine agents, front companies, and joint research ventures in the theft program.

“Indeed, the United States is a spy’s paradise,” Van Cleave said. “Our free and open society is tailor-made for clandestine operations.”

Michael Wessel, chairman of the congressional U.S.-China Economic Security Review Commission, testified that the Chinese are focused on stealing American advanced technology related to artificial intelligence, robotics, and other cutting edge technology.

—-

“In the case of robotics and AI, two fields of study with the potential to fundamentally change the international economy as well as the future of war-fighting, China has released the Robotics Industry Development Plan and Next Generation Artificial Intelligence Development Plan with the goals of China assuming global leadership in the coming decades,” Wessel said.

China also is infiltrating American universities by funding language and cultural centers called Confucius Institutes that are being used as cover for technology theft. About 100 of the institutes are operating on American campuses and use their funding as part of “soft power” efforts in the United States.

China is also using some of the 350,000 Chinese students in the United States for intelligence work. Chinese spies recruit students with appeals such as “can you help China?” Wessel said.

—-

In 2009, Ruopeng Lieu, a researcher at Duke University, passed sensitive technology data to China. The information helped Beijing create the Kuang-Chi Science Ltd, a multibillion metamaterials company engaged in wireless internet and mobile payment fields.

In 2015, Chinese professors were among six defendants charged with economic espionage by the Justice Department. An indictment charged stolen American trade secrets were used to assist Chinese universities and state-run companies in China.

—-

Van Cleave, the former counterintelligence official, said greater efforts are needed to stem the loss of technology to China.

“Counterintelligence—identifying, assessing, and neutralizing foreign intelligence threats—has been little more than an afterthought in U.S. national security strategy, a legacy of neglect that has cost us dearly in lives lost, resources squandered, and dangers unchecked,” she said.

—-

Congress passed the Counterintelligence Enhancement Act in 2002 to fix the problems, but intelligence bureaucracies resisted the reforms and as a result counterspying has been weakened, not improved, Van Cleave said.

—-

Van Cleave urged going on the offense against foreign spies by penetrating and disrupting foreign intelligence organizations before they reach the United States.

The goal is to degrade foreign spy services and their ability to conduct operations against the United States.

“We can chase individual spies or technology thieves case by case, or we can target the services that send them here,” Van Cleave said. “In short, we can go on offense but national leadership must be willing to direct and empower America’s counterintelligence enterprise to carry out that vital mission.”

—-

The hearing was a joint session of the committee’s research and technology subcommittee and oversight subcommittee.

Oversight subcommittee chairman Ralph Abraham (R., La.), told the hearing China is the most aggressive at stealing U.S. technology but the problem involved other foreign nations as well and the activities must be stopped.

“Essentially, China steals our fundamental research and quickly capitalizes by commercializing the technology,” he said.

Research and technology subcommittee chairman Rep. Barbara Comstock (R., Va.) said the theft of American technology is a serious problem.

“It is imperative that our academic institutions not close their eyes to the very real threat posed by foreign intelligence spies,” she said. “They cannot be blinded by naiveté or ignorance when distinguishing between friend and foe.”

Advertisements