Archive for the ‘ANTICOMMUNISM’ Category


January 17, 2018

Washington Times on January 16, 2018 published a review of Max Boots latest book: The Road Not Taken: Edward Lansdale and the American Tragedy in Vietnam, Liveright, US dollars 35.00, 768 pages. Excerpts from the review by Gary Anderson below:

Edward Lansdale is probably the greatest cold warrior that most Americans have never heard of. Max Boot has written a fascinating account of how this California college humorist, frat boy and advertising executive evolved into a counterinsurgency expert before the term was even coined. He was a virtual shadow American proconsul in both the Philippines and South Vietnam in the 1950s wisely advising both Philippine President Ramon Magsaysay and South Vietnamese leader No Dinh Diem on how to deal with Communist inspired insurgencies.

His success in the Philippines was spectacular and made his reputation. In Vietnam he was originally successful, but saw his influence wane for reasons beyond his control. However, he became the father of today’s American counterinsurgency doctrine even though few American advisers have been able to replicate his skill in influencing foreign leaders.

Max Boot has become one of the master chroniclers of American counterinsurgency efforts, and his biography of Mr. Lansdale is a tribute to a guy who recognized the threat of insurgency in a post-World War II environment where most American leaders saw only brute force as a solution to any political-military problem.

Mr. Lansdale argued that success was dependent on getting the people to stop supporting the insurgents, and have some hope that the government was a better alternative. Eliminating insurgents militarily was only a secondary part of the Lansdale approach. It worked in the Philippines because Mr. Lansdale developed a unique brand of trust with that nation’s leader.

When he was asked to do the same things in South Vietnam, Mr. Lansdale was initially successful in developing a personal rapport with Prime Minister Diem. However, Mr. Lansdale eventually lost influence with Mr. Diem due to the machinations of Mr. Diem’s brother No Diem Nhu and his manipulative wife Madam Nhu.

Mr. Boot also points out that the differences in culture and language worked against Lansdale in Vietnam — he never developed a facility for foreign languages — but he was still able to develop a close personal relationship with Diem. Unlike the island archipelago of the Philippines, South Vietnam’s insurgents had sanctuary in North Vietnam and China that would prove fatal to the south in the end.

Mr. Lansdale eventually became an Air Force major general and Pentagon official; but he was never able to replicate the success inside the Washington Beltway accomplished in Asia, and he watched the American tragedy in Vietnam unfold despite several attempts to change policy on trips to Saigon before it fell to the Communists.

Mr. Lansdale’s ability to develop personal relationships with foreign leaders and guide their policy-making has never been fully replicated by his modern American adviser successors in fighting insurgencies in Iraq and Afghanistan.

His philosophy of attempting to separate the civilian population from the insurgents has now been codified in U.S. counterinsurgency doctrine. He was a firm believer that American constitutional democracy was far superior to the kind of authoritarianism that the Communists offered and believed that local forces, not Americans, should lead the fight.

This book should be read in Baghdad and Kabul, not only by Americans, but by local leaders.

Gary Anderson is a retired Marine Corps colonel who served as a civilian adviser in Iraq and Afghanistan.



November 22, 2017

Washington Times on November 19, 2017, published an article by Robert Knight, senior fellow for the American Civil Rights Union. Knight co-authored the book ”Ten Truths about Socialism”. Excerpts below:

…the Victims of Communism Memorial Foundation’s “Annual Report on U.S. Attitudes Toward Socialism,”…found that old, dead commies are still quite popular. Thirty-one percent of the [American] young people polled have a favorable view of Fidel Castro’s favorite executioner, Che Guevara, 32 percent Karl Marx, 23 percent Vladimir Lenin and 19 percent Mao Zedong.

They are not big, however, on Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin, with a mere 6 percent seeing him in a favorable light. Perhaps this is because campus leftist professors for years have tried to distinguish “good” communists like those in Cuba from bad “Stalinists.”

But, as I said, you don’t have to go back to the last century to observe the effects of socialism on once-vibrant nations.

Oil-rich Venezuela was once the wealthiest nation in South America. But Hugo Chavez’s Marxist revolution, continued by the thuggish Nicolas Maduro, has turned it into an economic basket case and totalitarian hellhole from which tens of thousands of Venezuelans are fleeing while they can.

Another case in point is Cuba, the model for Venezuela’s thugs. Fidel Castro’s communist crackdown upon taking power in 1961 caused a massive outflow of half a million people to Florida despite Castro’s orders to kill anyone trying to leave the island. In a Catholic Church-led program dubbed Operation Pedro Pan, some 14,000 children were sent to Miami between 1960 and 1962. Later, in 1980, another 125,000 left in the Mariel boatlift. Castro blessed it because he used it to get rid of dissenters and to empty his jails, dumping legions of criminals into America.

In 1979 when Nicaragua’s Sandinista fighters deposed the right-wing government led by Anastasio Somoza, the country came under a socialist government. About 100,000 Nicaraguans fled. By the end of the 1980s, 50,000 more Nicaraguans had left for Honduras and roughly 40,000 for Costa Rica.

During the 20th Century, Germans fled socialist regimes twice in massive numbers.

Between the National Socialist (Nazi) German Workers Party’s rise to power in 1933 and Nazi Germany’s surrender in 1945, more than 340,000 Jews emigrated from Germany and Austria. At least 85,000 resettled in the U.S. Millions of others were hauled off to Nazi extermination camps.

After the war, two million refugees fled East Germany to escape that socialist paradise before the Berlin Wall went up in 1961.

In South Vietnam, before North Vietnam’s communist forces marched into Saigon on April 30, 1975, some 140,000 refugees with ties to the defeated government fled and were resettled in the U.S.

Finally, there is communist North Korea, the most miserable, repressive place on the planet. With the entire nation run like a giant prison, more than two million people have died since the mid-1990s from starvation. Hundreds of thousands have been executed or died in concentration camps.
Do the millennials who were polled know these historical facts? Probably not.

Comment: There are similar problems in Europe when it comes views on marxist socialism. The so called New Left from the 1960s influenced public opinion in support of communist North Vietnam. The influence of leftist media during the Vietnam conflict was well described by Sir Robert Thompson, the head of the British Advisory Missiom to Vietnam (1961 – 1965): ”The Vietnam war was lost on the television screens in the United States”.

One example of the one sided treatment in media was that of atrocities. Every incident on the side of the South Vietnamese or the Americans was recorded and presented by television companies in the West. North Vietnam and Viet Cong never invited television to witness the brutality committed behind communist lines. The thousands of people massacred by the North Vietnamese and the Viet Cong were only mentioned at the margin. Sir Robert Thompson commented on this:

What concerns me about television, and this is where I’m worried about it, is that you see a vast amount of incidents and episodes covering terrorism an conflict but you do not get the issues, what it is about, what the consequences are going to be. If there are one people in the world who are never, but absolutely never, going to understand the war it is the Americans who trusted television. The war was meaningless to them.

An American survey of broadcasts of the CBS showed that the attitudes of television presenters and outside commentators was 95 % against the government viewpoint as opposed to only 5 % supporting the government.


August 27, 2017

The Post Eagle newspaper on August 24, 2017, reported that in the Estonian capital of Tallinn progress was reported on the progress of the CICROC initiative called for in the Tallinn Declaration of August 23, 2025. CICROC (Council for Investigation of Crimes of Communist regimes). Excerpts below:

Croatia, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland and Slovakia have now confirmed their cooperation with Estonia toward the establishment of CICROC.

The occasion was the European Day of Remembrance for the Victims of Totalitarianism commemorated on the EU level in Tallinn.

The Platform of European Memory and Conscience, Prague, Czech Republic lauded the confirmation of the eight countries.

Information on the Platform

The platform is a non-profit international non-governmental organisation. It was established on 14 October 2011 in Prague by 20 founding Members from 12 EU Member States. The Platform currently brings together 55 public and private institutions and organisations from 19 countries – 13 EU Member States (Sweden, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Germany, Netherlands, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Slovenia, Romania, Bulgaria), Ukraine, Moldova, Iceland, Albania, Canada and the United States of America, active in research, documentation, awareness raising and education about the totalitarian regimes which befell Europe in the 20th century.

The establishment of the Platform of European Memory and Conscience was endorsed by the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union.

Through its Members, the Platform of European Memory and Conscience represents at least 200,000 European citizens and over 1,100,000 North American citizens with European roots.

Identifying crimes and criminals

Since 2014, Platform researchers and lawyers have identified several types of crimes against humanity committed during Communism in Europe as well as over 200 potentially living responsible persons, including former members of the politburo of the Communist parties, from at least four countries, today’s Member States of the EU.

“The systematic work of the Platform – bringing to light unpunished international crimes committed during Communism, their surviving perpetrators and victims and asking the international community for prosecution, – is our best argument against those who try to deny today that Communism was a criminal totalitarian dictatorship,” says Platform Managing

Director Neela Winkelmann.


June 20, 2017

Fox News on June 19, 2017, reported that North Korean dictator Kim Jong Un travels incognito in his poverty stricken Hermit Kingdom. It might be prudent for him to be careful. Excerpts below:

The 33-year-old, third-generation ruler is “extremely nervous” about a clandestine plot to take him out, according to a key South Korean lawmaker who spoke to The Korea Herald. Rep. Lee Cheol-woo, chairman of the South Korean parliament’s intelligence committee, made the claim based on reports from South Korea’s intelligence agency.

“Kim is engrossed with collecting information about the ‘decapitation operation’ through his intelligence agencies,” Lee said following a briefing last week.

The rumored “decapitation plan” to target Kim and key deputies in the event fighting broke out on the peninsula first surfaced in late 2015, when the U.S. and South Korea signed “Operation Plan 5015,” a joint strategy for possible war scenarios with North Korea. According to the Brookings Institute, the plan “envisions limited warfare with an emphasis on preemptive strikes on strategic targets in North Korea and “decapitation raids” to exterminate North Korean leaders.”

According to Lee, Kim’s is so frightened that he now disguises his movements, travels primarily at dawn and in the cars of his henchmen. Public appearances and jaunts in his prized Mercedes Benz 600 have been curtailed.

By January of this year, there were reports that South Korea was speeding up the creation of a specialized unit designed for this mission, initially slated to be ready by 2019.

“A U.S. special operations strike against Kim Jong Un in today’s conditions would make the bin Laden raid look easy,” said Mark Sauter, a former U.S. Army and special forces officer who operated in the Korean de-militarized zone during the Cold War and now blogs about the decades-long effort to defend South Korea at

“Pyongyang is surrounded by antiaircraft weapons, and while the corpulent Kim presents a large and sluggish target, he’s kept on the move, always surrounded by fanatical guards and often near or in complex underground compounds,” Sauter said.

Despite those potential challenges, Sauter suggests the North Korean leader “does need to worry about strikes by precision-guided missiles and bunker-buster bombs in the early stages of a preemptive allied attack, and if a conflict continues, everything from (Unmanned Aerial Vehicles) to special operators will be on his tracks.”


May 20, 2017

Fox News on May 18, 2017, reported North Korean hackers, believed to be some of the best in the world. Excerpts below:

North Korea and the group to which they are being linked, have quite a resume when it comes to aggression in cyberspace.

A 2013 Department of Defense report suggests the sluggishness of North Korea’s economy may be the reason why they are pursuing operations in the digital space, and that “[offensive cyber operations] may be seen as a cost-effective way to develop asymmetric, deniable military options.”

Cost-effectiveness aside, experts agree that the Hermit Kingdom’s cyber capabilities are undeniable. In April 2016, Army Gen. Vincent K. Brooks, now the commander of U.S. forces in Korea, told the Senate Armed Services Committee that the North Koreans “are among the best in the world and the best organized” when it comes to cyber threats.

South Korea has claimed that the North’s digital army could number as many as 6,000, a number confirmed by a North Korean defector in a 2015 BBC interview.

That same defector, Professor Kim Heung-kwang, suggests that Bureau 121 was established decades ago, and initially began in China. Experts believe that North Korea continues to conduct illicit activities in China, though Kim suggests China-based operations have been scaled back significantly.

The [so called] Lazarus Group [connected to North Korea] has been linked to last year’s $81 million digital heist from the Federal Reserve Bank of New York.

NSA Deputy Director Rick Ledgett has reportedly argued that if North Korea had anything to do with the attack, “that means that a nation state is robbing banks,” something he calls “a big deal.”
Lazarus was also implicated in the 2014 attack on Sony Pictures Entertainment…

…researchers describe the scale of the Lazarus Group’s operations as “shocking,” and suggested the “rare cases when they are caught [using the same kind of code twice] are operational mistakes, because the group seems to be so large that one part doesn’t always know what the other is doing.”


May 14, 2017

Fox News on May 11, 2017, reported that the Central Intelligence Agency had opened a mission center with the sole task to monitor North Korea. Excerpts below:

Many of the details about the center are not yet known. It is led by an unnamed CIA veteran, who was tapped as the new assistant director for Korea. The CIA offshoot will work closely with the intelligence and national security community, the agency said.

“Creating the Korea Mission Center allows us to more purposefully integrate and direct CIA efforts against the serious threats to the United States and its allies emanating from North Korea,” CIA Director Mike Pompeo said in a statement. “It also reflects the dynamism and agility that CIA brings to evolving national security challenges.”

The opening of the mission center comes as tensions between the U.S. and North Korea increased over the last few months.


September 7, 2016

Washington Times on September 6, 2016, reported that conservative author and icon Phyllis Schlafly has passed away at age 92. Excerpts below:

Eagle Forum, the grass-roots organization Mrs. Schlafly founded and presided over until her death, said in an online statement that she had died at her home in St. Louis surrounded by family members.

“Rest in peace, Phyllis Schlafly. Wife, mother, grandmother, author, lawyer, tireless voice of grass-roots conservative activism,” said conservative columnist Michelle Malkin.

“A woman of valor, a formidable friend and adversary, an American patriot,” said Weekly Standard editor William Kristol.

A polymath and a political combatant whose adversaries included communists at the height of the Cold War and feminists emboldened by the sexual revolution, Mrs. Schlafly will best be remembered for almost single-handedly derailing the Equal Rights Amendment as it neared ratification.

Her victory served as a precursor to the Reagan revolution, uniting the anti-communist and pro-family factions of the Republican Party in order to triumph at the ballot box.

Mrs. Schlafly burst onto the national scene in 1964 with her book “A Choice, Not an Echo,” a clarion call for conservatives to unite behind presidential candidate Barry Goldwater. More than 3.5 million copies of the book were sold.

She would go on to write more than 20 more books and more than 2,500 columns.

A staunch pro-life Republican, Mrs. Schlafly played an active role in Republican National Conventions since 1952…Although she participated in many political campaigns, she never won office herself.

“Your work is an example to all those who would struggle for an America that is prosperous and free,” President Reagan said at a tribute event for Mrs. Schlafly in 1984.

..feminists saw her differently. “I’d like to burn you at the stake,” Betty Friedan said to Mrs. Schlafly at a 1973 ERA debate at Illinois State University. Mrs. Schlafly coolly responded that such a comment “shows the intemperate nature of proponents of ERA.”

Phyllis McAlpin Stewart was born in St. Louis on Aug. 15, 1924. Her father was a machinist, and her mother was a librarian. Mrs. Schlafly was a dedicated Girl Scout and attended Catholic schools, including Academy of Sacred Heart.

She worked nights at an ammunition plant as she earned her bachelor of arts degree in 1944 as a Phi Beta Kappa graduate of Washington University in St. Louis. She later received a master’s degree in government from Harvard University in 1945, law degree from Washington University Law School in 1978 and multiple academic honors, including an honorary doctor of humane letters from Washington University in St. Louis in 2008.

She married Mr. Schlafly, a lawyer and devout Catholic, in 1949 and began life as a stay-at-home mother in Alton, Illinois.

Mrs. Schlafly is survived by six children, 16 grandchildren and three great-grandchildren.


June 23, 2016

Swedish businessman Alvar Lindencrona (1910 – 1981) according to journalist and author Mikael Holmström (b. 1955; ”Den dolda alliansen : Sveriges hemliga NATO-förbindelser”, paperback edition, 2015) was the leading figure of preparations for guerrilla warfare against the Soviets. The departments in the rudimentary organization called Stay Behind were according to Holmström:

First Department (military) Anders Grafström, Swedish Army

Second Department
(evacuation routes and exile Swedish bases) Thede Palm, Military Intelligence

Third Department (political and psychological warfare) Unknown

Lindencrona was until 1964 with Thule Insurance Company and on the board of Saab-Scania. He also worked for the International Chamber of Commerce. Holmström names business executive Curt Steffan Giesecke (1921 – 2016) as his successor.

Meetings of the organization were held in an office in Stockholm and in Lindencrona’s private apartment. Social Democrat Prime Minister Tage Erlander (1901 – 1979) initiated the organization and successive social democratic ministers were in the political leadership of the small guerrilla warfare group. Other leading members of the leadership were trade union boss Arne Geijer (1910 – 1979) and the Director of the Employers Organization Bertil Kugelberg (1900 – 1991).

Military officers involved were among others Sune Gladh and Gunnar Areskoug. In 1996 Reinhold Geijer (1915 – 2009) went public on Swedish TV to reveal his involvement in the guerrilla command. He had been active in northern Sweden in the hotel business.

There were possibly five regional subgroups. The total organization personnel has been estimated at 50 to 150. General Carl Erik Almgren (1913 – 2001) estimated membership at 300 – 400. Outside support for the guerrilla organizations in the Scandinavian countries came mainly from the United Kingdom.

There has so far been no parliamentary investigation in Sweden of the group. This in a country that claims to be open and democratic. The Swedish guerrilla war preparations during the Cold War seem more like the order of the Prussian king for partisan and guerrilla warfare in 1813 against the French occupiers of Prussia and the rest of Germany. Nothing came out of it as guerrilla resistance cannot be ordered from above.


April 12, 2016

Fidel Castro soon after taking power on Cuba started promoting Latin American guerrilla movements. Already in 1959 bands of Cuban-supported insurgents landed in Caribbean countries to spark insurgencies. Cuba’s General Directorate of Intelligence (DGI) established a special department, National Liberation, for revolutionary support. It soon grew to become the largest entity of the DGI.

On Cuba Latin American volunteers were trained in combat. The Cuban schools for subversion grew. In 1962 at least 1,000 to 1,500 Latin Americans were trained and indoctrinated. The largest group came from Venezuela, which at the time was Fidel Castro’s main target. Some courses lasted for four weeks, others up to a year.

Cuban propaganda invited the revolutionaries from other countries and told them that Cuba would pay all expenses and train them in underground organization techniques, in guerrilla warfare, in sabotage and terrorism. Then they would be provided with support to return to their home countries. Tthey would be supported by Havana and receive propaganda material for distribution. Training aids would be given for expansion of local guerrilla forces and secret communication methods would be provided. Funding and specialized demolition might be offered.

The advice for the revolutionaries when they returned was to steal military weapons from the army. To acquire funds they would have to rob banks.

Instructions had been given by Cubans before departure on how to use invisible ink in secret writing, how to use addresses and “mail boxes” to keep up contact with Havana. Communications equipment was also provided.

Later the National Liberation Department was renamed the Americas Department. In the 1970s an army of “internationalists” from Cuba would follow. Tens of thousands were sent for military intervention in Angola and Ethiopia. Large units of Cuban soldiers fought military battles in support of African Marxist revolutionary regimes. Smaller military missions were sent to Nicaragua and other countries in Central America. The goal was to establish Marxist-Leninist revolutionary regimes. Special Troops of the Cuban Ministry of the Interior were the vanguard of these missions.

Among the “internationalists” were Cuban doctors, other medical personnel, technicians and intelligence advisors. A speciality, shared by East Germany, was to offer presidential and leadership protection in nations that were under Cuban influence. East Germany established its own “Africa Corps”.

Cuba received extensive financial support from the Soviet Union to pay for revolution and terror. Venezuela has received thousands of Cubans to support the revolutionary regime there. When the oil prices were high Venezuela provided Cuba with a lifeline after the collapse of the Soviet Union.

In 2015 the Obama administration took Communist Cuba out of the list of terror supporting countries. It is therefore important to remember that from 1959 to 2015 Cuba and the Soviet Union provided training and financial support for left wing revolutionaries around the world. The present Cuban leader, Raul Castro, is a general of the Cuban army who from 1959 has been deeply involved in training for terror and revolution on many continents.

Source: Castro’s Secrets by Brian Latell (2012). Dr. Latell is a Senior Research Associate at the Institute for Cuban and Cuban-American Studies at the University of Miami.


April 10, 2016

In 2016 there is no doubt that there was in the beginning of the Cold War many hundred Communist and pro-Soviet operating in the West. They managed to wield great leverage on U.S. policy. In some cases they even made or guided key decisions. Classic cases were Soviet agents Harry Dexter White who disinformed Henry Morgenthay and Alger Hiss who disinformed Edward R. Stettinius Jr. 100 of millions of people were added to the Communist sphere of the world. Then China fell to Communism a few years later. Later followed other Marxist conquests in Indochina. Cuba and Nicaragua were added and in Africa countries like Angola. It was not through conventional armies marching across borders, but by actions of subversives inside the nations targeted.

An interesting case in point was the Yalta Conference in 1944,that would doom East European countries to decades of Communist tyranny. For some reason President Franklin Roosevelt brought Soviet agent Alger Hiss along. In most academic studies Alger Hiss role at Yalta id downplayed. In reality he was an outspoken participant in a large number of topics. Stettinius noted in his diaries:

At this point Mr. Hiss brought up the question of China and stressed the importance which the United States attached to U.S., British-Soviet encouragement and support for an agreement between the Comintern and the Chinese Congress in order to further the war effort and prevent possible civil strife.

In the official record of Yalta there is no mention of this.

What influenced Great Britain during World War 2 to choose Tito as partner instead of anticommunist General Draza Mihailovich. Aiding the Tito case in the Balkans was James Klugmann at the British intelligence station in Cairo. Klugmann had been a member of the Cambridge circle of the 1930s with future Soviet spies like Burgess, Maclean, Philby and Blunt. Records exist of Klugmann explaining to an official of the British Communist Party that he (Klugmann) had in Cairo acted to switch British support from Mihailovich to Tito. He was among other things able to control the selection and destination of agents bound for Yugoslavia.

These are only two examples from a book published a couple of years ago. The authors of the book called for more information tracked down in the future. Much of the information of Soviet subversion in America is hard to come by. In the dominating history research there has been a fixation on cases in which subjects were caught passing documents to Soviet handlers. This means that numerous agents, contacts, and episodes with impact on policy matters have been excluded.

Source: Stalin’s Secret Agents: The Subversion of Roosevelt’s Government by M. Stanton Evans and Herbert Romerstein (2012)

Comment: There is much more that deserves more research in the future. Of special interest would be further research on how Soviet influence agents caused the United States to stop supporting the government of the Republic of China. The result was that China in 1949 was conquered by Mao’s Soviet supported military forces.