Revised Abstract of an article published in 1999 by Swedish author Bertil Haggman.

An attempt is made in this essay to explain the importance of a new link around the Baltic Sea (the development since 1999 is now preventing this link to be constructed due to the present politics of Russia) being constructed to the core of Europe with a possible net of the Superspeed Maglev System Transrapid with a speed of 300 miles/hr.
The geopolitics of Baltic Sea communication is to a great extent based on the peripheral position of Europe’s northeastem countries. A Transrapid net around the Baltic Sea Helsinki – Stockholm – Hässleholm – Copenhagen – Hamburg – Berlin – Warsaw – Riga – Tallinn would link these countries to the core of Europe. An important ingredient in the link is bridges and tunnels.

The Oresund Fixed Link with its future tunnel (Helsingborg – Elsinore) and bridge will be the first fixed link between Denmark and the Scandinavian Peninsula in history. The bridge was fully completed in the summer of 2000. A railway tunnel between Elsinore (Denmark) and Helsingborg (Sweden) is needed in the beginning of the 21st century as an additional link. Other submarine tunnel projects of geopolitical importance are the Belt.

lmportant new possibilities exist for extending tunnel construction. The Symonds Group (a London construction and planning company) was in 1999 working on prefab submarine tunnels. These could be used across the St. George Channel between Dublin and Holyhead (about 90 km). The tunnel technique has been used for the Oresund Fixed Link and the Danish tunnel section of the link was completed in March 1999. Sweden, Finland, Poland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania would receive a structural boost with substantial consequences with the Northern Transrapid Net and its submarine and bridge links.

The German company Siemens has extensive experience in the Maglev field and there have been plans for that type of high speed railway between Hamburg and Berlin as well as in Bavaria.

It is crucial the Swedish Green Party does not manage to push through an out of date type of high speed railway at very high cost in Sweden. Maglev is the railway of the future and it is important that Sweden has a competitive infrastructure that benefits free enterprise.

KEYWORDS geopolitics, combined transport, transport in the Baltic Sea area

The complete 1999 article is available on the web.

Traffic Planning Scientific Paper U.D.C. 656.61(261.24) in the scientific journal Promet, Traffic & Transportation, Croatia-Italy.
Accepted: Mar. 2, 1999
Approved: Apr. 19, 1999 GEOPOLITICS OF BALTIC SEA


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