UKRAINIAN TROOPS INCH CLOSER TO REBEL CITY DONETSK

Washington Times on August 19, 2014, published an AP report that Ukrainian government troops were fighting pro-Russian rebels in the streets of Luhansk and captured most of a town near the eastern city of Donetsk, tightening the noose around that key rebel-held stronghold, Ukrainian officials said. Excerpts below:

As the fighting raged, the Kremlin announced that Russian President Vladimir Putin would meet his Ukrainian counterpart Petro Poroshenko on Aug. 26 in Minsk, Belarus. The two leaders have not met since early June, despite a rapidly climbing death toll in east Ukraine.

One soldier was killed and four wounded on August 19 when a volunteer battalion came under mortar fire before entering the town of Ilovaysk, 18 kilometers (11 miles) east of Donetsk, Interior Minister Arsen Avakov said on Facebook.

Among the wounded was the commander of the Donbass battalion, Semyon Semenchenko, who said government soldiers had destroyed three rebel checkpoints and four firing positions and that fighting continued.

Government efforts to quell the pro-Russian separatists have focused on encircling Donetsk, the largest rebel-controlled city in eastern Ukraine. Fighting began in mid-April after Russia annexed the southern Ukrainian peninsula of Crimea but in the last few weeks, the government has recaptured significant amounts of rebel territory.

Ukrainian troops were also advancing in the separatist region of Luhansk, capturing one neighborhood in the city of Luhansk as they battled the rebels on August 19 on city streets, Col. Andriy Lysenko, a spokesman for Ukraine’s National Security Council, told reporters.

The fighting in eastern Ukraine has forced nearly 344,000 people to flee their homes, according to the United Nations — a number that has grown in recent weeks as living conditions in rebel-held cities deteriorates rapidly.

With the rebels losing more and more ground, the Kremlin announced the meeting in Minsk, which would also include officials from the European Commission and the Eurasian Customs Union, which is comprised of Russia, Kazakhstan, and Belarus.

Poroshenko, who confirmed the meeting, said “stabilizing the situation” in eastern Ukraine would be a key topic of discussion. Putin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said the Russian leader wanted to talk about the deteriorating humanitarian situation there.

Valery Chaly, deputy head of the Ukrainian presidential administration, said in a televised briefing that the government is seeing a “clear diplomatic roadmap” ahead of them and expressed hope that they will be able to come up with new approaches to end the war.

Living standards appear to be particularly dire in Luhansk, near the Russian border, which has been left without electricity, running water or phone connections for 17 days.

In Donetsk, artillery fire was heard across town, the city hall said in a statement. But the city’s suburbs seem to be the most hard-hit.

A resident of Olenivka, a village south of Donetsk, told the Associated Press by telephone that Ukrainian government troops were firing artillery from fields near her house.

The shelling appeared to be aimed at Donetsk’s Petrovsky district, which has come under sustained rocket attack over the past week, she said.

Several residents in the Petrovsky district have told the Associated Press that rebels have positioned and fired Grad multiple missile launchers in their neighborhood, which appears to have drawn the incoming fire.

The government, meanwhile, has accused the rebels of killing dozens of civilians in a shelling attack on August 18 on a convoy of refugees fleeing Luhansk. The rebels denied that any attack took place, while the U.S. confirmed the shelling of the convoy but said it did not know who was responsible.

There have been no eyewitness accounts of what happened and the war-torn area is largely off limits for journalists, making independent verification impossible.

The Ukrainian defense ministry released a video on August 19 that reportedly showed people who survived that attack at the nearby village of Novosvitlovka. The video showed a young man lying on a hospital bed sobbing. A woman who was not pictured said the man’s mother was killed in the attack. The video could not be independently verified.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel will travel to Kiev for the first time since the crisis erupted to meet with top officials.

Ukraine and the West have voiced concerns about Russia’s military activity near the Ukrainian border. Moscow has said it can do what it wants on its territory but invited a mission from the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe to observe two border crossings in a bid to counter claims that Russia is supplying the rebels with weapons.

Paul Picard, head of that OSCE mission, told reporters in a Russian border town on August 19 that observers had seen a marked increase of military activity around the border points over the past week, including Russian helicopter activity. But he said no helicopters were observed crossing the border.

Picard also said the observers had seen “groups of young men and women wearing military-style dress” moving back and forth across the border. No weapons or military vehicles were observed.

Also on Tuesday, Malaysian Defense Minister Hishammuddin Hussein said the first remains of Malaysians who were killed when a jetliner was shot down over Ukraine will be flown home this week.

All 298 people on board died when Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 was shot down on July 17 over an area controlled by pro-Russia separatists.

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